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United States

Leucadendron Catalog

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Leucadendron spissifolium

Commonly know as Oribi Spear-leaf conebush

  • Grows to height of 3m, with pale involucral leaves.
  • Flowers late Spring and female plant develops attractive red cones.
  • This rare species is found at the Oribi Gorge, Port Shepstone, and not in the Western Cape where most leucadendrons occur.
  • Sow in autumn.
  • Hardy to USDA Zone 8

Leucadendron dubium

Commonly known as Cederberg Conebush, Vuurslaanbos

  • This species grows to 1.3m.
  • It produces closely overlapping small elliptic hairy leaves and densely hairy cones.
  • Sow seeds in Autumn.
  • Hardy USDA Zone 8.

Leucadendron salicifolium

Commonly known as Common Stream Conebush

  • Grows to 3m with narrow twisted leaves.
  • In spring the male flowers have small light-coloured basal bracts.
  • It is wind pollinated.
  • Prefers damp conditions.
  • Sow in Autumn.
  • USDA Zone 8.

Leucadendron coniferum

Commonly known as Dune Conebush

  • Grows to 2m with narrow yellow-green leaves.
  • Flowers in September producing a red cone.
  • Grows in alkaline soil.
  • Sow in Autumn.
  • USDA Zone 8.

Leucadendron daphnoides

Commonly known as Dutoitskloof conebush

  • This is a sturdy shrub, growing up to 1 to 2m
  • The upper leaves go through a series of colour changes - green, ivory, reddish, then green again. 
  • Flowering occurs from mid winter to spring
  • It is very attractive and easy cultivate - great speciman for small gardens
  • Sow seeds in Autumn.
  • Species is hardy to USDA Zone 8.

Leucadendron brunioides

Commonly known as Foetid Conebush, Tolletjies

  • This species grows upto 2m, with many stems and small linear leaves.
  • Flowers occur in spring - small grey cones.
  • Sow in Autumn.
  • Hardy to USDA Zone 8.

Leucadendron laureolum

Commonly known as Golden conebush, Loerietolbos

  • This species grows to 2m with oblong leaves.
  • The floral foliage is beautiful in winter, with large cones.
  • Produces excellent cut flowers.
  • Seeds to be sow in autumn.
  • Fast grower producing flowers within 2 years from germination.
  • Is adaptable to alkaline soil and does well in coastal areas.
  • Hardy to USDA Zone 8.

Leucadendron loranthifolium

Commonly known as Green-flowered conebush

  • Grows into a 2m shrub with broad grey-green leaves.
  • Flowering occurs In late winter to spring - the flowersheads are greenish in color.
  • Sow seeds in autumn.
  • Hardy to USDA Zone 8.

Leucadendron pubescens

Commonly known as Grey conebush, Syhaartolbos

  • This species grows to 2.5m with greyish-green leaves.
  • Flowers in winter/spring with attractive densely hairy silver cones.
  • Sow seeds in autumn.
  • Hardy to USDA Zone 8.

Leucadendron eucalyptifolium

Commonly known as Gumleaf conebush, Grootgeelbos

  • This species grows to 3-5m shrub with linear eucalyptus-like leaves.
  • Flowering occurs In winter and early spring
  • The bright yellow involucral leaves are pleasantly scented. 
  • Produces an excellent cut flower
  • Is a fast grower producing a flower 2 years after germination
  • Is a frost resistant species that does well in coastal areas.
  • Seeds to be sown in Autumn.
  • Hardy to USDA Zone 8.

Leucadendron galpinii

Commonly known as Hairless Conebush

  • Grows to 2-3m, with greyish foliage.
  • Flowers in Spring.
  • The female flower is very showy, and produces silky cones.
  • Sow in Autumn.
  • USDA Zone 8.

Leucadendron procerum

Commonly known as Ivory conebush

  • This species grows to 3m with many branches.
  • Involucral leaves are pale green to ivory.
  • Males have red globose flowers in spring.
  • Sow seeds in autumn.
  • Hardy to USDA Zone 8.

Leucadendron meridianum

Commonly known as Limestone conebush

  • This species grows to 2m with abundant  narrow leaves with short hairs.
  • Involucral leaves are bright yellow with silver cones. 
  • Flowering occers from July to August
  • Grows inacidic or alkaline soil.
  • Does well in coastal gardens
  • Sow seeds in autumn.
  • Hardy to USDA Zone 8.

Leucadendron album

Commonly known as Linear-leaf Conebush

  • This erect, evergreen species grows upto 2m into a neat shrub
  • It has linear, silvery white, velvety leaves with silky hairs,
  • Flowering occurs in Summer - the mature cones are silvery pink and  very attractive.
  • Sow in Autumn.
  • USDA Zone 8.

Leucadendron linifolium

Commonly known as Line-leaf conebush, Duineknoppiesbos

  • This species grows to 2m, with many erect slender branches and glabrous leaves.
  • Flowering occurs  in Spring - with small yellow flowerheads
  • Produces globose, greyish cones.
  • Grows in acidic and alkali soil.
  • Popular cut flower and filler with florists.
  • Sow seeds in Autumn.
  • Hardy to USDA Zone 8.

Leucadendron thymifolium

Commonly known as Malmesbury Conebush

  • This species grows to height of 2m
  • It is a sparsely branched slender shrub with oblong leaves that clasp the stem.
  • The flowers occur in wnter/spring producing a yeasty odour and although small, are conspicuous.
  • It will tolerate clay soils and is endangered in the wild.
  • Hardy to USDA Zone 8.

Leucadendron microcephalum

Commonly known as Oilbract conebush

  • This species grows to 1.5m into a  rounded shrub.
  • The flowers are yellow and flowering occurs in spring
  • This species has have brown oily bracts  - hence the common name
  • The fruits are heart-shaped.
  • Seeds should be sown in autumn.
  • Hardy to USDA Zone 8.

Leucadendron uliginosum

Commonly known as Outeniqua Conebush, Silverbos

  • Grows to around 2.3m, forming a bushy shrub.
  • The leaves are silvery with silky hairs.
  • Bracts are yellow to silver forming star-like formations from spring to early summer.
  • It flowers within 2 years from seed and is beautiful as a cut flower.
  • It enjoys well drained soil, in a sunny position and is resistant to most diseases.
  • It's easy to grow and hardy to USDA zone 8
  • Sow seeds in autumn

Leucadendron strobilinum

Commonly known as Peninsula Conebush, Rotstolbos

  • This species grows to 2.6m forming a stout shrub with dark green leaves with red tips and ivory-white or silvery-yellow flowers
  • Flowering occurs in spring and large cones are produced
  • This plant prefers damp, rocky places.
  • It is a rare species.
  • Sow seeds in autumn.
  • It is hardy to USDA Zone 8. 
  • It's a wonderful specimen for any fynbos garden

Leucadendron discolor

Commonly known as Red Conebush, Piketberg Conebush, Rooitolbos

  • This is a medium sized plant growing to a height and width of around 1.5m.
  • The flowers on the male plant are stunning – they are bright red (as seen in picture) and although only last a few weeks, are definitely worthwhile for any garden.
  • The female flower is a very pretty creamy yellow color.
  •  They flower during early Spring.
  • It is a very easy species to grow and is adaptable to a wide range of climates and soils.
  • It is lovely as a cut flower or dried.
  • Sow in autumn
  • Hardy to USDA zone 8